Born September 5, 1657, Sofia Alexeevna was well educated and noted for her
intelligence, energy and ambition. After the death of
Feodor Alexeevich, she led a group of Miloslavskii boyars in a struggle for
power. On May 29, 1682, she became Regent to Ivan and Peter, and thus effectively
the ruler of Russia.
RULER OF RUSSIA 1682-1689
She was extremely active in internal and foreign policy. Russia concluded
"The Eternal Peace" with Poland in 1686, and the Nerchinskii Treaty with China in
1689. There were also two military expeditions to the Crimea. In 1687, the first
educational establishment opened in Russia: the Academy of Slavic, Greek and
In 1689, Sofia was overthrown by supporters of Peter
the Great and exiled to the Novodevichii Monastery. In 1698 she was forced to
take the veil under the name of Susanna.
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Text compiled by Alexei K. Levykin
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