Founder of the royal dynasty of Romanovs, Mikhail Feodorovich was born on
July 18, 1596, to the boyar Feodor Nikitich Romanov
(subsequently known by the ecclesiastical name
Filaret) and Ksenia lvanovna Shestovaya (ecclesiastical name Grand Old Martha).
He was elected Sovereign of All Russia in Moscow's Red Square by the Assembly of
the Land (Zemskii Sobor) on February 21, 1613, at the age of 16, and
consecrated Czar on July 11, 1613, in the Dormition
Cathedral of the Moscow Kremlin.
Before his accession to the throne, he lived with his mother in the village
of Domnina, the family estate of the Romanovs.
During his reign, he established a unified Russian state, ended internal
conflicts and resumed relations with foreign states. He also made various early
reforms, particularly in the Russian army. He was married twice: to Maria
Vladimirovna Dolgorukaya (died January 7, 1626) and to Evdokia Lukianovna
Streshneva (circa 1608-August 18, 1645). There were 10 children from the second
He died on July 13, 1645, from dropsy and was
buried in the Archangel Cathedral of the Kremlin.
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Text compiled by Alexei K. Levykin
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