Location: the northeast corner of the continent of Africa
Size: approximately 997,740 sq. km
Official language (today): Arabic
Official language (ancient): combination Semitic and Hamitic
Major river: The Nile divides Egypt in half
Deserts: Libyan, Nubian, and Eastern. They were barriers of protection, shielding the people against invasion by surrounding civilizations
Topography: The highest lands are in the south and the land slopes gently toward the Mediterranean Sea. There are some mountains located on the southern Sinai peninsula. Some of these reach over 2600 meters (8530 feet high). The land at the Mediterranean is at sea level.
Climate: very dry; there is almost no rainfall on a regular basis. The people depend on the annual summer floods of the Nile River for water. The floods begin in June and end in October. Without the Nile, there would likely be no Egypt.
Source: Splendors of Ancient Egypt Educational Guide
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